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迷幻喇叭花Ololiuhqui  

2009-07-22 16:09:00|  分类: 神奇植物 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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神奇喇叭花Ololiuhqui - zs - Zhang ZhongShu

一些相关资料拼贴

《新西班牙的物品 通史》(Historia General de las Cosas de Nueva Espana )中描写了这个有奇妙效应的喇叭花籽olotiuhqui :“有一种草药,叫coatl xoxouhqui (绿蛇),它的籽叫ololiuhqui。这些籽能使人茫然,丧失理性:它们被当成魔幻物食用”。

 

海尔南德斯1570到1575年间被西班牙国王菲利普二世从西班牙派送到墨西哥研究当地的药材。 他于1651年在罗马发表了里程碑式的著作《墨西哥草药、动物及矿物药的历史指南,在“论喇叭花籽Ololiuhqui”一章中,他详细描写了神奇喇叭花Ololiuhqui,并第一个出示了它的插图。这个插图拉丁文解说译文摘要是:“神奇喇叭花Ololiuhqui,又称之为coaxihuitl 或蛇草,是一种有细的绿色心形叶子的攀援的植物¼¼它的花是白的,

比较大¼¼种子是圆形的¼¼当印第安教士[巫医]要去拜见他们的神并从那儿获得信息时,他们就吃这种植物进入迷醉状态,成千上万奇妙的影象和魔鬼会出现在他们眼前¼¼” 。

里韦亚属

    Rivea

  亦称Turbina。

  旋花科(Convolvulaceae)的一属,5?10种,原产于热带美洲和东南亚。繖房花序里韦亚(Rivea corymbosa或Turbina corymbosa)为多年生木质攀缘植物。原产於墨西哥热带,萨波特克印第安人(Zapotec Indian)称之为badoh,许多地方称之为ololiuqui(小疯子)。叶无柄,心型,长5公分(2吋)。花漏斗状,白色,花序从叶腋生出。种子白色,含致幻药d-麦角酸及d-异麦角酸(均与麦角酸二乙醯胺〔LSD〕近似)的衍生物。

迷幻喇叭花Ololiuhqui - zs - Zhang ZhongShu

迷幻喇叭花Ololiuhqui - zs - Zhang ZhongShu

迷幻喇叭花Ololiuhqui - zs - Zhang ZhongShu

Ololiuhqui is Uncontrolled in the United States, however, it is not approved for human consumption. Ololiuhqui是不受控于美国,但是,这不是批准供人类消费。 This is a gray area of the law because the seeds contain, ihNg">LSA , which is a Schedule III.这是一个灰色地带,因为该法的种子含有ihNg">的LSA ,这是一个附表三。

Addictive Potential : None 上瘾的潜在 :无

Emergency Room Visits Yearly : Unknown 急诊室每年 :未知

Mandatory Minimum Sentence : None 强制性最低刑罚 :无

Mechanism of Action : Partial agonist of the serotonin receptors 作用机理 :部分激动剂的血清素受体

Overview : 概况 :

Ololiuhqui (Rivea corymbosa), is native throughout Latin America from Mexico in the North to Peru in the South and widely naturalised elsewhere. Ololiuhqui ( Rivea伞房) ,是本地整个拉丁美洲的墨西哥在北秘鲁南方和广泛定居别处。 It is a perennial climbing vine with white flowers, often planted as an ornamental plant.这是一个长期攀登葡萄与白色花朵,往往种植作为观赏植物。 This plant also occurs in Cuba, where it usually blooms from early December to February.这家工厂也发生在古巴,在那里通常花从12月初至2月。 Its flowers secrete copious amount of nectar, and the honey the bees make from it is very clear and aromatic.花分泌大量金额花蜜和蜂蜜蜜蜂使来自这是非常明确和芳香。 It is considered one of the main honey plants from the island.它被认为是主要蜜源植物的岛屿。

Known to natives of Mexico as Ololiúqui (also spelled ololiuhqui or ololiuqui), its seeds, while little known outside of Mexico, were perhaps the most common entheogen used by the natives.众所周知,作为土生土长的墨西哥Ololiúqui (还阐述ololiuhqui或ololiuqui ) ,它的种子,而很少知道外面的墨西哥,也许是最常见的entheogen使用的本地人。 The Nahuatl word ololiuhqui means "round thing", and refers to the small, brown, oval seeds of the morning glory, not the plant itself, which is called coaxihuitl, "snake-plant", in Nahuatl, and hiedra or bejuco in the Spanish language.纳瓦特尔文词ololiuhqui的意思是“轮的事情” ,并指的是小,棕色,椭圆形种子的喇叭花,而不是工厂本身,即所谓coaxihuitl , “蛇头工厂” ,在纳瓦特尔文,并hiedra或胡科在西班牙语。 The seeds, in Spanish, are sometimes called semilla de la Virgen (seeds of the Virgin Mary).种子,西班牙语,有时被称作semilla日拉比尔亨(种子的圣母) 。

Ololiuhqui (Rivea corymbosa) seeds contain ihNg">LSA (d-lysergic acid amide), a precursor to LSD . Ololiuhqui ( Rivea草)种子包含ihNg">的LSA (名D -麦角酸酰胺)的前奏迷幻剂 。 The seeds are generally eaten, although there are a variety of preparation methods used.种子一般是吃,尽管有各种各样的编制方法。 The active oral dosage ranges from 60 - 100 seeds and lasts from 4 to 8 hours.积极口服剂量范围从60 - 100种,持续4至8小时。

Side Effects and Adverse Reactions: 副作用和不良反应:

As with Hawaiian Baby Woodrose Seeds , some users commonly report experiencing anxiety, nausea, gas, vomiting, and abdominal cramps.至于夏威夷婴儿Woodrose种子 ,一些用户通常报告经历焦虑,恶心,气,呕吐,腹部绞痛。 Delirium, dizziness, confusion, paranoia, fear, and panic are less common, but sometimes experienced with higher doses.谵妄,头晕,精神错乱,妄想,恐惧和恐慌不太常见,但有时遇到的高剂量。

Recipes: 食谱:

A Cold Water Extraction (No Chemicals - Reduces Side Effects) 冷水提取(无化学品-减少副作用)

Research: 研究:

Hallucinogens and dissociative agents naturally growing in the United States 致幻剂和分离剂自然生长在美国

Teonanácatl and Ololiuqui, two ancient magic drugs of Mexico Teonanácatl和Ololiuqui ,两个古老神奇的药物墨西哥

神奇喇叭花Ololiuhqui - zs - Zhang ZhongShu

牵牛花种子含有麦角酸酰胺,类似于中的活性成份,迷幻剂,它们可以嚼或冲泡成茶释放物质。

黑丑白丑药店都有

牵牛子性寒,味苦。现代药理研究分析,牵牛子含有牵牛子甙、牵牛子酸甲、泛食子酸、裸麦角碱、野麦碱等成分,具有利尿泻下、化痰消肿及驱虫祛毒功效,能刺激肠道,增强蠕动,有强烈的泻下作用。可治水肿腹胀、脚气,大小便不利等疾病。牵牛子捣烂,用蜂蜜和丸如绿豆大,每次5丸,吞服,可治脚气。牵牛花子4—5克研末,1日2次,白开水送服,治急性肾炎。

______________________________ 

精神病医生奥斯蒙德( H. Osmond )于1955年进行了一个用Turbinacorymbosa花籽进行的自体

实验。在服用了60到100粒种子后,他进入了一种冷淡和空虚状态,伴随有提高的视觉敏感。 4小时后,随之而来的是放松和感觉良好的阶段,持续得长一些。

1958年金洛斯-莱特(V. J. Kinross-Wright )在英国发表了自己的研究结果,8位

自愿者服用了高达125粒种子,完全没有效应,这与前一个报告相矛盾。

http://www.azarius.net/smartshop/psychedelics/lsa_seeds/ololiuhqui/

http://pages.prodigy.com/GBonline/liquix.htm

( 26 )

These negative results may be explained by inadequate preparation.这些消极的结果可能会被解释为准备不足。 The Indians grind the seeds on the metate (grinding stone) until they are reduced to flour.印第安人的种子磨碎的metate (研磨石) ,直到他们减少到面粉。 Then the flour is soaked in cold water, and after a short time the liquor is passed through a cloth strainer and drunk.然后面粉浸泡在冷水中,并在很短的时间酒是通过布过滤和喝醉了。

If taken whole, the seeds give no result, or even if they are cracked.如果采取整体而言,种子也没有结果,或者即使他们破获。 They must be ground to flour and then the flour soaked briefly in water.他们必须是当地的面粉和面粉然后在水中浸泡简短。 Perhaps those who took the seeds without results did not grind them, or did not grind them fine enough, and did not soak the resulting flour.或许那些谁了种子没有结果没有磨成,或没有足够的磨成罚款,并没有吸收由此产生的面粉。

The chemistry of the seeds seems not to vary from region to region, and seeds grown in the Antilles and in Europe are as potent as those grown in Oaxaca.化学种子似乎没有因地区而异,和种子种植在安的列斯群岛和欧洲是强大的那些生长在瓦哈卡。 I have taken the black seeds twice in my home in New York, and their potency is undeniable.我已经采取了黑色种子两次在我家在纽约,其效力是不可否认的。 

 

    The effects of the seeds of Ipomoea purpurea (varieties Heavenly Blue and Pearly Gates) in a total of 45 cases are summarized below.的影响,种子蕹菜紫(品种天蓝色和珍珠门)共45例总结如下。 The subjects are all normally functioning adults and the majority had previous experience with LSD.受试者都正常运作的成年人和多数以往的经验与迷幻剂。 The onset of effects is about half an hour after the seeds have been chewed and swallowed and they last from five to eight hours.发生效力的约半小时后,种子已经咀嚼和吞咽和他们过去的5到8小时。

    Low Dose, 20-50 Seeds (11 Subjects) 低剂量, 20-50种子( 11题) This dosage rarely produces any visual distortions, although with eyes closed there may be beginning imagery.这种剂量很少产生任何视觉的扭曲,但闭眼有可能开始图像。 Restlessness, evidenced by alternating periods of pacing about and lying down, may be present.躁动,证明了交替时期的起搏并躺下,可能存在。 There tends to be a heightened awareness of objects and of nature, and enhanced rapport with other persons.人们往往是一个提高认识的对象和性质,并加强与其他人融洽。 A feeling of emotional clarity and of relaxation is likely to persist for several hours after other effects are no longer noticeable.感情的感觉清晰度和放松可能会持续几个小时后,其他的影响已不再明显。


 

Medium Dose, 100-150 Seeds (22 Subjects) 中等剂量, 100-150种子( 22题) In this range the effects resemble those reported for medium-dose (75-150 micrograms) LSD experiences, including spatial distortions, visual and auditory hallucinations, intense imagery with eyes closed, synaesthesia and mood elevation.在此范围内的影响类似于报告中剂量( 75-150微克)迷幻剂的经验,包括空间扭曲,视觉和听觉幻觉,激烈的图像闭眼,通感和情绪海拔。 These effects, which occur mainly during the period of 1 to 4 hours after ingestion, are typically followed by a period of alert calmness which may last until the subject goes to sleep.这些影响,这主要发生期间, 1至4小时后进食,通常是一段时间之后,冷静的警戒,直到去年5月的主题去睡觉。


 

High Dose, 200-500 Seeds (12 Subjects) 高剂量, 200-500种子( 12个科目) In this range the first few hours may resemble the medium-dose effects described above.在此范围内的前几个小时可能类似于中等剂量效应上文所述。 However, there is usually a period during which the subjective states are of a sort not describable in terms of images or distortions, states characterized by loss of ego boundaries coupled with feelings of euphoria and philosophical insight.但是,通常有一段时期该国的主观一种没有描述在图像或扭曲,这些国家的特色是损失的自我边界,加上感情的兴奋和哲学的见解。 These seem to parallel the published descriptions of experiences with high doses (200-500 micrograms) of LSD given in a supportive, therapeutic setting as reported by Sherwood et al.这些似乎平行出版的经验,说明高剂量( 200-500毫克)的迷幻剂给予了支持,治疗设置报告的舍伍德等。 (1962). ( 1962年) 。

All the subjects who had previous experience with LSD claimed the effects of the seeds were similar to those of LSD.所有科目谁了以往的经验与迷幻剂声称的影响,种子,类似迷幻剂。 Transient nausea was the most commonly reported side effect, beginning about one half hour after ingestion and lasting a few minutes to several hours.瞬态恶心是最常见的副作用,开始约半小时后,摄入和持久的几分钟到几个小时。 Other reported side effects not commonly found with LSD were a drowsiness or torpor (possibly due to a glucoside also present in the seeds) and a coldness in the extremities suggesting that the ergine content of the seeds may be causing some vascular constriction.其他的副作用不常见的迷幻剂是嗜睡或麻木(可能由于葡萄糖苷也存在于种子)和冷淡四肢表明ergine内容的种子可能会造成一些血管收缩。 (If this is the case, there may be some danger of ergot poisoning resulting from excessive dosages of the seeds.) The only untoward psychic effect was a prolonged (eight hours) disassociative reaction which was terminate with chlorpromazine [Thorazine]. (如果是这种情况,可能有一些危险的麦角中毒由于过度剂量的种子。 )唯一的不良心理的影响是一个长期的( 8小时) disassociative反应而终止与氯丙嗪[ Thorazine ] 。 The possibility of prolonged adverse reactions to the psychological effects of the seeds is essentially the same as with LSD, and the same precautions should be observed (Cohen & Ditman, 1963).能否长期不良反应的心理影响种子基本上是一样的迷幻剂,和同样的预防措施,应遵守(科恩& Ditman , 1963年) 。


http://www.shroomery.org/forums/showflat.php/Number/10656953 

 

麦角酸中文名称:麦角酸英文名称:9,10-Didehydro-6-methylergoline-8-carboxylic CAS:82-58-6 分子式:C16H16N2O2 分子量:268.32 性状描述:白色结晶性粉末。溶于酸碱,适度溶于嘧啶,微溶于水和中性有机溶剂,可溶于氢氧化钠,氨水,碳酸钠和盐酸等溶液。熔点240℃ ,熔融时同时分解,微溶于水,溶于稀酸和稀碱。取少量可疑物样品放在点滴试板上,加入2滴对二甲氨基苯甲醛,显现深蓝色。

 

 

 

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